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ARTICLES CRITICAL OF PSYCHIATRY


Book recommendations

This website will consider publishing any article/essay about critical psychiatry and/or critical of psychiatry (including essays for university courses). Please send them attached to or in the body of an e-mail to Duncan Double@criticalpsychiatry.co.uk


ADHD: The epidemic scapegoating of our children - An overdue rational conceptualization. Yaddi Singh

Bipolar disorder – Re-conceptualizing and re-contextualizing Yaddi Singh

'Freedom is more important then health': Thomas Szasz and the problem of paternalism. Joanna Moncrieff

The psychological is political. Joanna Moncrieff

Neuroscientific psychiatry and the problem of consciousness. Philip Thomas

Taking a narrative turn in psychiatry. Bradley Lewis

Madness, childhood adversity and narrative psychiatry: Caring and the moral imagination. Philip Thomas & Eleanor Longden

Madness radio: Meaning of medications.Interview with David Cohen

Brain drain. Roger Scruton

Neuroscience fiction. Gary Marcus

Neuroscience: Under attack. Alissa Quart

Your brain on pseudoscience: The rise of popular neurobollocks. Steven Poole

The birth and death of Villa 21. Oisin Wall

States of abjection. Rosemary Rizq

From evidence-based medicine to marketing-based medicine: Evidence from internal industry documents. Glen Spielmans & Peter Parry

Psychiatrists: The drug pushers. Will Self

Madness, childhood adversity and narrative psychiatry: Caring and the moral imagination. Philip Thomas & Eleanor Longden

Madness, science and the crisis in psychiatry. Phil Thomas with an inroduction by The Clearing

The limits of evidenced-based medicine in psychiatry. Philip Thomas, Pat Bracken & Sami Timimi

Mad or bad? Holly Case

Pinball wizards and the doomed project of psychiatric diagnosis. Philip Thomas

What is critical psychiatry? Philip Thomas

Drop the language of disorder. Peter Kinderman, John Read, Joanna Moncrief & Richard Bentall

Contesting the chemical cure. Meaghan Buisson

Letter to a patient. Meaghan Buisson

DSM 5 is guide not bible — Ignore its ten worst changes. Allen Frances

Brain science podcast: The future of the brain by Steven Rose

Brain science podcast: Mind and brain. Interview with William Uttal

Psychiatry beyond the current paradigm. Pat Bracken et al

Madness radio: Postpsychiatry, PTSD & community development. Interview with Pat Bracken

Madness radio: Psychotherapy for psychosis. Interview with Gail Hornstein

Madness radio: Psychiatric survivor movement. Interview with Judi Chamberlin

Madness radio: Globalization of psychiatry. Interview with Philip Thomas

Madness radio: Madness survivor voices. Interview with Gail Hornstein

Madness radio: America's depression epidemic. Interview with Bruce Levine

Madness radio: Schizophrenia recovery. Interview with Rufus May

Madness radio: Sane medication policy. Interview with Robert Whitaker

Madness radio: Hearing voices movement. Interview with Jacqui Dillon

Madness radio: Mad science, mad pride. Interview with Bradley Lewis

Madness radio: Beyond belief. Interview with Tamasin Knight

Madness radio: Conscience of psychiatry. Interview with Peter Breggin

Madness radio: Bipolar medication myths. Interview with Joanna Moncrieff

Madness radio: Meanings of madness. Interview with Gail Hornstein

Madness radio: Beyond biological reductionism. Interview with Raymond Tallis

The anomalies of evidence-based medicine in psychiatry: Time to rethink the basis of mental health practice. Philip Thomas, Pat Bracken & Sami Timimi

The rise of anti-psychiatry: A historical review. Oliver Ralley

Review of Portrait of the psychiatrist as a young man: The early writing and work of R.D. Laing, 1927-1960. Iain Smith

Depression and antidepressants in Australia and beyond - a critical public health analysis. Melissa Raven

Electroconvulsive therapy, the placebo effect and informed consent. Charlotte Blease

As he worked to strengthen ethics rules, NIMH director aided a leading transgressor.

Undisclosed financial ties prompt reproval of doctor.

Grassley ups total of undisclosed fees paid to prof by Glaxo.

Science critics make issue of financial ties.

Backlash on bipolar diagnoses in children.

Psychiatrists, children and drug industry's role.

Thomas Szasz obituary in Guardian and Hermeneutic Circular. Anthony Stadlen

Afterword: Against "global mental health". Derek Summerfield

Postpsychiatry - Reaching beyond the technological paradigm in mental health care. Pat Bracken

The recruitment problem in psychiatry: A critical commentary. Hans Stampfer

Two seminal '80's' films made by survivors:-
We're not mad we're angry.
From anger to action.

Struggling against psychiatry’s human rights violations – An anti-psychiatry perspective. Don Weitz

First, do no harm: Confronting the myths of psychiatric drugs. Phil Barker & Poppy Buchanan-Barker

Steps towards a Critical neuroscience. Jan Slaby

The chemical imbalance explanation of depression: Reducing blame at what cost? Brett Deacon & Grayson Baird

The "chemical imbalance" explanation for depression: Origins, lay endorsement and clinical implications. Christopher France et al

The triumph of pharmaceuticals: The portrayal of depression from 1980 to 2005. Juanne Clarke & Adele Gawley

On the brain disease model of mental disorders. Brett Deacon & James Lickel

Minimal-medication approaches to treating schizophrenia. Tim Calton & Helen Spandler

The engaged academic: Academic intellectuals and the psychiatric survivor movement. Mark Cresswell & Helen Spandler

From social exclusion to inclusion? A critique of the inclusion imperative in mental health. Helen Spandler

Psychosis and human rights: Conflicts in mental health policy and practice. Helen Spandler & Tim Calton

Spaces of psychiatric contention: A case study of a therapeutic community. Helen Spandler

Suicide judgement: A victory for human rights? Helen Spandler & Dina Poursanidou

Adult mental health in a changing international context: The relevance to social work. Shula Ramon

Mental illness is indeed a myth. Hanna Pickard

Social factors and recovery from mental health difficulties: A review of the evidence. Jerry Tew, Shula Ramon, Mike Slade et al

Clinical psychologist or covert psychiatrist? Kev Harding

Psychiatric power: A personal view. Pat Bracken

The hunt for gene effects pertinent to behavioural traits and psychiatric disorders: From mouse to human. Douglas Wahlsten

Psychiatry’s bible, the DSM, is doing more harm than good. Paula Caplan

The six most essential questions in psychiatric diagnosis: A pluralogue part 1: Conceptual and definitional issues in psychiatric diagnosis. James Phillips et al

The six most essential questions in psychiatric diagnosis: A pluralogue part 2: Issues of conservatism and pragmatism in psychiatric diagnosis. James Phillips et al

The biopsychosocial model in the origins of psychiatry. D B Double

Explanations and unexplanations: Restoring meaning to psychiatry. Jon Jureidini

DSM, democracy and psychiatric taboos. Anthony Morgan

Getting it from both sides: Foundational and anti-foundational critiques of psychiatry. Ronald Pies, Sairah Thompson & Nassir Ghaemi with commentaries and response from authors.

Madness - A new approach. Philip Thomas

A systematic review of the effects of antipsychotic drugs on brain volume. Jo Moncrieff & Jonathan Leo

Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder, drug companies and the internet. Jessica Mitchell & John Read

Mass psychosis in the US. James Ridgeway

Should attentuated psychosis syndrome be included in DSM-5? Paolo Fusar-Poli & Alison R Yung

Culture, bereavement, and psychiatry. Arthur Kleinman

The stealth ECT psychiatrist in psychiatric reform. Peter Breggin

Negative childhood experiences and mental health: Theoretical, clinical and primary prevention implications. John Read & Richard Bentall

Review of Portrait of the psychiatrist as a young man. The early writing and work of RD Laing. by Allen Beveridge. Sharon Packer

Ritalin gone wrong. Alan Sroufe

Preventive psychiatry can be bad for our health. Allen Fancis

Beyond models, beyond paradigms. The radical interpretation of recovery. Pat Bracken

"Illnesses like any other". The challenge of a multi-disciplinary approach to mental health. Hugh Middleton

Talk given at Occupy the madness, Tent City University. Hugh Middleton

Medical 203. A short film about psychiatric classification. Peter Gordon.

Memoirs of a psychiatric orderly: Behind locked doors.

The crumbling pillars of behavioural genetics. Jay Joseph

Sick brains, sick minds or sick societies? - What, if anything, might be 'enhanced'? Steven Rose. (Video of a lecture)

What is "mental illness" today? Five hard questions. Nikolas Rose. (Video of a lecture)

Bad medicine: Adult attention-deficit/hperactivity disorder. Des Spence

Response to FDA's call for information and comments regarding the classification of ECT devices. Leonard Roy Frank

The journey of transformation. Leonard Roy Frank

Psychiatry's unholy trinity - Fraud, fear and force: A personal account. Leonard Roy Frank

Electroshock: A crime against the spirit. Leonard Roy Frank

Why were doctors so slow to recognise antidepressant discontinuation problems? Duncan Double

'They won't do any harm and might do some good': Time to think again on the use of antidepressants? Hugh Middleton & Joanna Moncrieff

Diagnosing in the dark. Jacob Sullum

My electric shock nightmare at the hands of the CIA's evil doctor. Celia Imrie

Mental illness as 'an illness like any other': A critical review. Anthony Morgan

With more talk in mind. John Read

Myth of mental health nursing and the challenge of recovery. Phil Barker & Poppy Buchanan-Barker

The mental illness industry is medicalising normality. Lisa Appignanesi

Critical analysis of the concept of adult attention-deficit disorder. Joanna Moncrieff & Sami Timimi

Descandalizing Laing: R.D. Laing as a social theorist. Samantha Bark

'The illusions of psychiatry': An exchange. John Oldham, Daniel Carlat, Richard Friedman, and Andrew Nierenberg, reply by Marcia Angell

Contested jurisdictions: Psychiatry, psychoanalysis, and clinical psychology in the United States, 1940–2010. Andrew Scull

Why does academic medicine allow ghostwriting? A prescription for reform. Jonathan Leo, Jeffrey R. Lacasse & Andrea N. Cimino

Mainstream psychiatry is failing - but there is another way. John Hoggett

Clinical psychology practice without using psychiatric labels: An alternative approach using personal construct psychology. Kev Harding

Schizophrenia: 100 years on. A write up of a seminar series. Anthony Morgan

Bipolar label soars among kids. Jeremy Olson

Psychiatry and the scientific fallacy. Michael Saraga & Friedrich Stiefel

With depression you have to fight - everywhere you go. Tony Giordano

Response to the American Psychiatric Association: DSM-5 development. British Psychological Society.

Aripiprazole in the maintenance treatment of bipolar disorder: A critical review of the evidence and its dissemination into the scientific literature. Alexander C. Tsai et al

The epidemic of mental illness: Why? Marcia Angell

The illusions of psychiatry. Marcia Angell

Is graduate social work education promoting a critical approach to mental health practice? Jeffrey Lacasse & Tomi Gomory

Campaign to abolish psychiatric diagnostic systems such as ICD and DSM (CAPSID). Sami Timimi

The McDonaldization of childhood: Children's mental health in neo-liberal market cultures. Sami Timimi

The psychoactive effects of antidepressants and their association with suicidality. Lucy Goldsmith & Joanna Moncrieff

The myth of mental illness: 50 years later. Thomas Szasz

Bad medicine: Bipolar II disorder. Des Spence

Star*D: A tale and trail of bias. Ed Pigott

Efficacy and effectiveness of antidepressants: Current status of research. Ed Pigott et al

Excess significance bias in the literature on brain volume abnormalities. John Ioannidis

The make-believe million: How drug companies exaggerate research costs to justify absurd profits.

Questioning the ‘neuroprotective’ hypothesis: Does drug treatment prevent brain damage in early psychosis or schizophrenia? Joanna Moncrieff

The end of drugging children: Toward the genealogy of the ADHD subject. Edward J. Comstock

Senseless. Did the perpetrator of the Tuscon massacre have a reason? Thomas Szasz.

The rise in bipolar disorder is a myth. Phil Barker and Poppy Buchanan-Barker.

Lies, damned lies and medical science. David H. Freedman.

Contradicted and initially stronger effects in highly cited clinical research. John Ioannidis.

From Szasz to Foucault: On the role of critical psychiatry. Pat Bracken & Philip Thomas

Psychiatry, anti-psychiatry, critical psychiatry: What do these terms mean?. Thomas Szasz

Binary oppositions in psychiatry: For or against? Matthew Ratcliffe

Is private (contract-based) practice an answer to the problems of psychiatry? Pat Bracken & Phil Thomas

Genetic research in psychiatry and psychology: A critical overview. Jay Joseph

The fruitless search for genes in psychiatry and psychology: Time to re-examine a paradigm? Jay Joseph & Carl Ratner

Schizophrenia, reification and deadened life. Alaister Morgan

Ask not for whom the drug tolls. Wendy McElroy

The effectiveness of electroconvulsive therapy: A literature review. John Read & Richard Bentall

Transcultural mental health care: The challenge to positivist psychiatry. David Ingleby

Psychiatric diagnosis as a political device. Joanna Moncrieff

Surviving in psychiatry as a systemic therapist. Paulo Bertrando

Child psychiatry and its relationship with the pharmaceutical industry: Theoretical and practical issues. Sami Timimi

Psychiatry: The mental hell service and its health angels. Dominik Ritter

McTherapy. Dominik Ritter

Survivor supervision of trainee mental health professionals: Keeping it real, challenging academic perspectives, creating new roles and breaking down boundaries. Louise Pembroke

Mental illness as brain disease: A brief history lesson. Thomas Szasz

Needed: Critical thinking about psychiatric medications. David Cohen

Preview to proceedings of Dialectics of liberation conference online

Self-harm and medicine’s moral code: A historical perspective, 1950–2000. Mark Cresswell & Zulfia Karimova

Drug firms hiding negative research are unfit to experiment on people. Ben Goldacre

Madness, myth and medicine. Ron Roberts on the continuing relevance of Thomas Szasz, now in his 91st year

No excuses: The reality cure of Thomas Szasz. Phil Barker & Poppy Buchanan-Barker

Psychosocial treatment, antipsychotic postponement, and low-dose medication strategies in first-episode psychosis: A review of the literature. John R Bola, Klaus Lehtinen, Johan Cullberg & Luc Ciompi

Sociology of pharmaceuticals development and regulation: A realist empirical research programme. John Abraham

Big pharma, bad medicine. Maria Angell

Selling diseases. Adriane Fugh-Berman

Critical psychiatry on Wikipedia

A psychiatric revolution. Andrew Scull

Judy Chamberlin obituary. Phil Barker & Poppy Buchanan-Barker

The legacy of Thomas Szasz. Phil Barker & Poppy Buchanan-Barker

Szasz and his interlocutors: Reconsidering Thomas Szasz’s “Myth of mental illness” thesis. Mark Cresswell

The politics of mental illness: Myth and power in the work of Thomas S. Szasz. Jan Pols

Is ADHD a valid diagnosis in adults? No. Joanna Moncrieff & Sami Timimi

The promotion of olanzapine in primary care: An examination of internal industry documents. Glen I. Spielmans

Mental health nursing is not for sale: Rethinking nursing’s relationship with the pharmaceutical industry. Richard Lakeman

Misplaced epistemological certainty and pharmaco-centrism in mental health nursing. Richard Lakeman & JR Cutcliffe

Welcome to the 'paradigm war'. The case of antidepressant medication. Review of Irving Kirsch's The Emperor's new drugs: Exploding the antidepressant myth. Richard House

Prognosis negative: Psychiatry and the foibles of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual V (DSM-V) John Sorboro

A critique of the dopamine hypothesis of schizophrenia and psychosis. Joanna Moncrieff

Advocacy update. The latest in activism and community news from ENUSP, the European Network of (ex)Users and Survivors of Psychiatry.

Beyond belief: Alternative ways of working with delusions, obsessions and unusual experiences,. Tamasin Knight

An interview with Pat Bracken on post-modern psychiatry and the social context of trauma Wise Counsel Podcast

A systematic review of the Soteria paradigm for the treatment of people diagnosed with schizophrenia. Tim Calton, Michael Ferriter, Nick Huband & Helen Spandler

How scientifically valid is the knowledge base of global mental health? Derek Summerfield

Depression: A medical or existential condition? James Baxter

The annihilation of subjective experience. Alaister Morgan & Tim Calton

Mind your language. Louise Pembroke

Series on how we improve relationships between service users and psychiatrists. Louise Pembroke

Diagnosing so-called ‘ADHD’ as a cultural affliction of late modernity. Review of Rethinking ADHD: From brain to culture edited by Sami Timimi & Jonathan Leo. Richard House.

Psychopolitics: Peter Sedgwick's legacy for the politics of mental health. Mark Cresswell & Helen Spandler

Diagnoses are psychiatry's star signs. Let's listen more and drug people less. Richard Bentall

Articles in english from Peter Lehmann Publishing website

"The myth of the chemical cure". Joanna Moncrieff

Author's response to Invited commentary on ... Beyond consultation. Pat Bracken & Phil Thomas

Beyond consultation: The challenge of working with user/survivor and carer groups. Pat Bracken & Phil Thomas

How do psychiatric drugs work? Joanna Moncrieff & David Cohen

Only you can cure yourself. Ann Lawson

"Psychiatric diagnoses are less reliable than star signs", interview with Richard Bentall. Ed Halliwell.

See a psychiatrist? Are you mad? Review of Richard Bentall's Doctoring the mind. Salley Vickers

Who owns the mind? Gail Hornstein

The subjective experience of taking antipsychotic medication: a content analysis of Internet data. J Moncrieff, D Cohen & JP Mason.

Harvard medical school in ethics quandry.

Drug maker is accused of fraud

The fool on the hill. Lancet review of The myth of the chemical cure and Side effects: A prosecutor, a whistleblower, and a bestselling antidepressant on trial

The wind never lies. Steven Morgan

An analysis of medical and legal flaws in the PCL-R. Bob Johnson

America's medicated army.

Doctors, patients and the pharmaceutical industry. Joe Collier

Relationships with the drug industry: Keep at arm's length. Marcia Angell

Pursuing treatments that are not evidence-based: How DSM-IV clarifies, how it blinds psychiatrists to issues in need of investigation. Simon Sobo

The strengths and weaknesses of DSM-IV. Simon Sobo

Review of Critical psychiatry: The limits of madness. Phil Barker and reply and further reply.

Eli Lilly pays record $1.4bn for promoting off label use of olanzapine. BMJ News

Summary of Humanizing madness: Psychiatry and the cognitive neurosciences by Jock McLaren

Science and Canadian psychiatry: A critique. Jock McLaren

The convenient myth of Thomas Szasz. P Buchanan-Barker & P Barker

The radical psychiatrist as trickster. Helen Spandler

Anti-coercion is not anti-psychiatry. Thomas Szasz

Drug companies and doctors: A story of corruption. Marcia Angell

Nice advice lacks nerve. Sami Timimi

'Dad solved other people's problems - but not his own'

Review of Alternatives beyond psychiatry. DB Double

Psychiatric group faces scrutiny over drug industry ties

Mental health in an age of celebrity: The courage to care. Phil Barker & Poppy Buchanan-Barker

Critical psychiatry entry in Encyclopedia of psychology. David Cohen

Mental health revolution. Talk by Pat Bracken. [Presentation]

NICE recommendations are not evidence based and could expose many to unnecessary harm Sami Timimi, Jon Jureidini & Jonathan Leo [Full e-letter]

Industry-sponsored clinical research: A broken system. Marcia Angell

Diagnosis: Greed. New York Times columnist, Judith Warner

Metapsychology online review of Users and abusers of psychiatry

Metapsychology online review of Formulation in psychology and psychotherapy

Clinical psychology and truth. David Smail

Pharma and medical education: Some progress in UK psychiatry. Joanna Moncrieff, Philip Thomas & Rhodri Huws

A social/emotional theory of depression. Thomas Scheff

Rampage shooting: Emotions and relationships as cause. Thomas Scheff

Letter Louise Pembroke re Service users, power, authority and protest: A call for renewed activism. Richard Lakeman, Patrick McGowan & Jim Walsh

Should we be 'pushing meds'? The implications of pharmacogenomics. J Bray, C Clarke, G Brennan & T Muncey

Improper rewards of research. Arnold S Relman

Are our leading paediatricians drug industry shills? Lawrence Diller

The other side of mental health science. Steve Morgan

Key opinion leaders: independent experts or drug representatives in disguise? Ray Moynihan

Misguided standards of care. Lawrence Diller

Researchers fail to reveal full drug pay. NYTimes

An e-interview with Pat Bracken

Helping patients stop taking SSRIs. James Alexander

Placebolotherapy. Nick Woodhead

Listen to the wounded healers. Philip Thomas

Political violence and the concept of collective psychopathology. Richard Koenigsberg

Chapter-by-chapter description of The missing gene. Jay Joseph

Coming off medication Guy Holmes & Marese Hudson

Marketing overdose, Campaigning against irresponsible drug promotion

Rethinking the potential of the brain in major psychiatric disorders. Steven Morgan

Putting the soul back into psychiatry. Mind thinktank report

"Forcing psychiatrc drugs can increase violence" Press release of new task force on mental health legal advocacy and activism

Antidepressants 'do not work' BBC News

BBC Radio 4 debate on antidepressant study

The psychiatric truth that dares not speak its name. Review of The Myth of the Chemical Cure. Bob Johnson

Initial severity and antidepressant benefits: A meta-analysis of data submitted to the Food and Drug Administration. Irving Kirsch et al

The listening cure. Time magazine

"The Gillberg affair", a medical research scandal in Sweden (working draft). Douglas Keenan

Review of The myth of the chemical cure. Sarah Yates

Proposals to force more involuntary treatment stir debate. Washington Post

The media and the chemical imbalance theory of depression. Jonathan Leo & Jeffrey Lacasse

Washing the numbers, selling the model (Depression - The facts and the fables). Ben Goldacre

Beyond paradigms: Promoting a recovery agenda in mental health. Pat Bracken

The psychotic among us: The emerging view of psychosis and its possible implications for stigma. Tony Benning

Review of Mental Health at the Crossroads. Sjoerd Sytema

Critical psychiatry. Barry Turner

Letter to NAMI that is critical of the psychiatric medical model. Steven Morgan

The strength and weaknesses of DSM-IV: How it clarifies, how it blinds psychiatrists to issues in need of investigation. Simon Sobo

The disease-centred model of drug action in psychiatry. Sample chapter 1 from The Myth of the Chemical Cure: A Critique of Psychiatric Drug Treatment. Joanna Moncrieff

It's not so easy to predict murder - do the maths. Ben Goldacre

When hospital is a prison. Ben Goldacre

More than molecules - how pill pushers and the media medicalise social problems. [mp3 lecture] Ben Goldacre

Interview with Thomas Szasz about his new book Coercion as Cure. René Talbot

The trouble with psychiatry. John Sorboro

Are antidepressants as effective as claimed? No, they are not effective at all. Joanna Moncrieff

A new epidemic. Healthy Skepticism video

What next for Craig? Panorama programme about ADHD

Review of Dying for a Cure. Claire Ward

Beware of mentioning psychosocial factors. Ben Goldacre

Harm reduction guide to coming off psychiatric drugs. Icarus Project and Freedom Centre

Should young people be given antidepressants? No. Sami Timimi

Review of Critical voices in child and adolescent mental health

Review of Making us crazy. Miles Clapham

Review of Alternatives beyond psychiatry. Karl Koehler

Metapsychology online review of Postpsychiatry: Mental Health in a Postmodern World. Brad Lewis

Psychiatry without context: Turning sadness into disease. Review by Arthur Kleinman of The loss of sadness: How psychiatry transformed normal sorrow into depressive disorder

Debunking the myth of the chemical imbalance. Joanna Moncrieff

Psychiatry - A nihilistic discipline. Bob Johnson

The acceptable limits of psychiatry. Duncan Double

Review of Soul Survivor. Mira de Vries

Metapsychology book review of Critical psychiatry: The limits of madness. Tony O'Brien

Furor Therapeuticus: Benjamin Rush and the Philadelphia Yellow Fever Epidemic of 1793. Leon Eisenberg

Mental Health Today review of Critical psychiatry: The limits of madness

Mental Health Today review of Critical voices in child and adolescent mental health

Bush's mental health madness. John Sorboro

Given the choice, I'd have the miracle pill story. Ben Goldacre

Far out. David Gale

Psychiatric Services book review of Postpsychiatry: Mental Health in a Postmodern World.

Anti-psychiatry. John Huddleston

Diagnosis and drug treatment. Joanna Moncrieff

The sexual abuse of psychiatric patients: The cover-up and the government white-wash. A review of the Kerr-Haslam inquiry. Phil Virden

Challenging risk: A critique of defensive practice. D B Double

'Giving up the culture of blame' Risk assessment and risk management in psychiatric practice. John Morgan

Historical perspectives on anti-psychiatry. D B Double

The Psychologist review of Critical psychiatry: The limits of madness

Listening to Chekhov: Narrative approaches to depression. Brad Lewis

Can you live with the voices in your head? New York Times article

Challenging the status quo. Irish Times article

The fictions of Foucault's scholarship. Andrew Scull and letters in reply

The mad doctor: The extraordinary story of Dr Rufus May, the former psychiatric patient Rufus May

BMJ Review of Critical psychiatry: The limits of madness

What did you say? Tracey Hayes

Review of Moving beyond Prozac, DSM and the new psychiatry: The birth of postpsychiatry

Most Published Research Findings Are False.But a Little Replication Goes a Long Way. Ramal Moonesinghe, Muin J. Khoury, A. Cecile J. W. Janssens

The survivor's voice. Radical Psychology 2006, volume 5

Havidol: When more is not enough. Justine Cooper

Tom Cruise takes on Lord Psychopharm and his psychiatrists of the Round Tablets

An appreciation of Self-harm: Perspectives from personal experience (edited by Louise Pembroke). Mark Cresswell

Posted comments on Mental illness is just about life experiences

Chapter-by-chapter description of The Gene Illusion. Jay Joseph

Rebalancing the approach to mental health. Pat Bracken & Marcellino Smyth

Community psychiatry inquiries must be fair, open and transparent. Michael King et al

Letter to editor, Observer re: Challenge to mental health homicide rate. Duncan Double

Letter to editor, Observer re: Community treatment orders making services more bureaucratic and defensive. Duncan Double

You're making us sick. Tim Cantopher

Is critical psychiatry a threat? Adam James

Review of Contesting psychiatry: Social movements in mental health. Elisabetta Sirgiovanni

Review of Mental Health at the Crossroads. Tony O'Brien

Review of Postpsychiatry: Mental Health in a Postmodern World. Jack Piachaud

Prejudice and schizophrenia: A review of the mental illness is an illness like any other approach. J Read, N Haslam, L Sayce, E Davies.

Mind the gaps. Adam James

Review of Critical Psychiatry by David Ingleby. Christian Perring

Copy of information on First Person Accounts from

How do we recover? An analysis of psychiatric survivor oral histories. Oryx Cohen

Narratives of madness, as told from within. Gail Hornstein

Bibliography of first-person narratives of madness in english. Gail Hornstein

Unite for a non-violent revolution in the mental health system: What 30 years in the mad movement have taught me. David Oaks

Post-psychiatry: Good ideas, bad language and getting out of the box. P. Barker & P. Buchanan-Barker

The troubled relationship between psychiatry and sociology. David Pilgrim & Anne Rogers

Introduction to Health Skepticism. Peter Mansfield

Was RD Laing a postmodern psychiatrist? Tony Benning

Psychotherapy perspectives in medication management. Simon Sobo

On the banality of positive thinking. Simon Sobo

Bipolar disorder in children and adolescents: A caution. Simon Sobo

A reevaluation of the relationship between psychiatric diagnosis and chemical imbalances. Simon Sobo

Mood stabilizers and mood swings: In search of a definition. Simon Sobo

ADHD and other sins of our children. Simon Sobo [Shorter version]

Children: our treasure. Dan L. Edmunds

Misrepresentation. Tracey Hayes

Soul doctor or soul destroyer? Tracey Hayes

Review of Moving beyond Prozac, DSM and the new psychiatry. Jennifer Hansen and reply by the author Brad Lewis.

Sequel to only you can cure yourself. Ann Lawson

Child abuse can cause schizophrenia. Report of a debate in which the motion was passed by 114 to 52 votes.

Politicising self-harm. Louise Pembroke

A home is broken: The closure of a Philadelphia Association household. Marie-Laure Davenport

Scepticism and psychotherapy - a Wittgensteinian approach. John Heaton

Respect against all odds - the PA community households. Paul Gordon

Style, sorcery, alienation. John Heaton

Do antidepressants cure or create abnormal brain states? Joanna Moncrieff & David Cohen

A psychiatrist's view. Alec Jenner

Why is it so difficult to stop psychiatric drug treatment? It may have nothing to do with the original problem. Joanna Moncrieff

Healthy skepticism about antidepressants for children and adolescents. Peter Mansfield, Jon Jureidini, Melissa Raven & Anne Tonkin

'Safe self harm' - is it possible? RCN Congress discusses the nurse.s role in enabling safe self harm - introduced by Chris Holley.

A collection of articles on disease mongering in PLoS Medicine

The fight against disease mongering: Generating knowledge for action. Ray Moynihan & David Henry

Why most published research findings are false. John P. A. Ioannidis

The latest mania: Selling bipolar disorder. David Healy

'My tutor said to me, this talk is dangerous' Adam James

Psychiatric drug promotion and the politics of neoliberalism. Joanna Moncrieff

Crisis resolution and home treatment. Edited by Marcellino Smyth

Fix the diagnosis not the children. Janice Hill

'The myth of mental illness' Thomas S.Szasz. Transcript of lecture.

Review of Peter Lehmann's Coming off psychiatric drugs: Successful withdrawal from neuroleptics, antidepressants, lithium, carbamazepine and tranquillisers. Karl Koehler

NHS cuts hit mental health care The National Director for Mental Health in England says that NHS cuts are hitting some services '''in a severe way''.

American Journal of Psychiatry advertise duloxetine with its e-mail listing of journal contents by giving link to company video that is said to illustrate how affecting the neurotransmitters serotonin and norepinephrine in the body may alleviate the symptoms of Major Depressive Disorder (MDD) Play the video

Court filing makes public my previously suppressed analysis of Paxil's effects. Peter Breggin

Wonder drug inspires deep, unwavering love of pharmaceutical companies.

Professional shame DBDouble, in reply to Justice for a hero of hidden horrors. David Southall

Are there statins in the water? Health care and the drug industry. Timothy Doty

Do you feel unmotivated? Health care and the drug industry. Timothy Doty

Prescribing under the influence? Health care and the drug industry. Timothy Doty

Safer mental health services: They also need to be sound and supportive. The Norwich perspective. D B Double

Harm minimisation: Limiting the damage of self-injury. Louis Pembroke

The Tao of therapy. Theodor Itten

Citizenship and psychiatry. Pat Bracken

Coping with coming off: Service user-led research. Jan Wallcraft

Globalization and children's mental health. Sami Timimi

Racism and mental health of black and minority ethnic groups. Kwame McKenzie

Sickiatry. Kenneth Eng

Teenscreen: A front group for the psycho-pharmaceutical industrial complex. PsychSearch.net

Psychiatric drugs: An assault on the human condition. Street Spirit interview with Robert Whitaker

RD Laing and the nature of evil. Juan Galis-Menendez

Broken brains or flawed studies: A critical review of ADHD neuroimaging research. Jonathan Leo & David Cohen

The biology of mental illness. Jonathan Leo

Protest and co-option: The recent fate of the psychiatric patient's voice. David Pilgrim

Sanity, madness and science: RD Laing and critical psychology. Ron Roberts

The future of critical psychiatry. John Hopton

Bradley Lewis advocates new path for psychiatry

Historizing Indian psychiatry. Amit Ranjan Basu

Schizophrenia: Medical students are taught it.s all in the genes, but are they hearing the whole story? Jonathan Leo & Jay Joseph

The myth of evidence-based psychotherapy. John Marzillier

Learning to live with voices. Sandra Escher, Mark Hayward, David Kingdon & Louise Pembroke

You.d better believe it: Accepting and working within the client.s own reality. Tamasin Knight

Assertive community treatment (ACT): The case against the "Best tested" evidence-based community treatment for severe mental illness. Tomi Gomory

The origins of coercion in "Assertive community treatment" (ACT): A review of early publications from the "Special treatment unit (STU) of Mendota State Hospital. Tomi Gomory

"My lobotomy": Howard Dully's story. NPR

Taking on the drug defenders. Time Pacific

Bitter pills. Time Pacific

Essay questions role of antidepressants. WebMDHealth

Study: Public misled by depression ads. United Press International

Some drugs work to treat depression, but it isn't clear how. Wall Street Journal

The rise and rise of ADHD. Sami Timimi & Nick Radcliffe

"ADHD is biobabble" Interview with Sami Timimi

Advertisments for SSRIs may be misleading. Medscape medical news

Historian of psychoanalysis whose 'subversive' research upset Freud's family and followers. Morton Schatzman

Laing and psychotherapy. John Heaton

Letter to the Editor, New Yorker magazine. Hunter Yost

Serotonin and depression: A disconnect between the advertisements and the scientific literature. Jeffery R Lacasse & Jonathan Leo

Psychotherapy misconceived. James Baxter

What chance postpsychiatry? Phil Barker & Poppy Buchanan-Barker

A case for psychologists becoming clinical supervisors. David Pilgrim

Challenging the globalisation of biomedical psychiatry. Phil Thomas et al

The bio-bio-bio model of madness. John Read

Wishful thinking: Antidepressant drugs in children. Anne Tonkin and Jon Jureidini

'Dangerous and severe personality disorder': A psychiatric manifestation of the risk society. Kevin Corbett & Tristen Westwood

Forgotten pioneers: The unwritten history of the therapeutic community movement. Malcolm Pines

Maxwell Jones. David Clark

How we learned to operate therapeutic communities. David Clark

Regulating the drug industry transparently. John Abraham

Social psychiatry and sociology. David Pilgrim & Anne Rogers

The origins of critical psychiatry. David Ingleby

Efficacy of antidepressants in adults. Joanna Moncrieff & Irving Kirsch

Cruising Szasz. Jeffery Schaler

Psychiatric abuse in Ireland. Sean Fleming.

Effect of globalisation on children's mental health. Sami Timimi

Deinstitutionalization of psychiatry in the Netherlands: or Rosencrantz and Guildenstern in mental health. Philip Schrameijer

The tide of prescribing for depression is turning. Des Spence

Reducing reductionism. Reclaiming psychiatry. Wesley Sowers.

Our acute problem. Rufus May

Review of Madhouse by Andrew Scull. D B Double

Normal and abnormal: Georges Canguilhem and the question of mental pathology. Victoria Margree

Preface to the second edition of Critical Psychiatry by David Ingleby

Hearing voices: A phenomenological-hermeneutic approach. Philip Thomas, Patrick Bracken & Ivan Leudar

Lancet review of Sami Timimi's Naughty Boys

Brother Beast: A Personal Memoir of David Cooper. Steven Ticktin

Rethinking models of psychotropic drug action. J. Moncrieff & D. Cohen.

Book review of John Read et al Models of Madness

"Knowing what ain't so": R.D. Laing and Thomas Szasz. Thomas Szasz

Trying to knit fog? An e-debate between Malcolm Weller and Duncan Double

Messing with the mind. Review of Steven Rose's The 21st Century Mind

Cross cultural perspectives on the medicalisation of human suffering. Derek Summerfield.

Psychiatry and the pharmaceutical industry: who pays the piper? Joanna Moncrieff, Steve Hopker & Philip Thomas

Antidepressants: A triumph of marketing over science? David O. Antonuccio, David D. Burns & William G. Danton

Existential knots: Laing's anti-psychiatry and Kierkegaard's existentialism. Antonio Palomo-Lamarca

The recognition of antidepressant discontinuation reactions. D B Double

Drug dominated psychiatry in N. Ireland. Sean Fleming

Diagnosis of childhood depression is problematic; reference to antidepressant usage. Richard Skelton

The failure to fully inform patients of the dangers of neuroleptics. Sean Fleming

Developing non-toxic approaches to helping children who could be diagnosed with ADHD and their families: Reflections of a UK clinician. Sami Timimi

Rethinking childhood depression. Sami Timimi

Charismatic ideas. Rex Haigh

Will soaps or science open others' minds? Review of Richard Bentall's Madness Explained: Psychosis and Human Nature (2003). Philip Thomas

Neuroscience and psychiatric residency training. Donald Mender

Psychiatric fraud and force: A critique of E. Fuller Torrey. Thomas Szasz

Paradigm shift in psychiatry. D B Double

Book review of The truth about drug companies. D B Double

What is mental illness? James Baxter

Depression and depressive illness. James Baxter

Choosing a psychotherapist. James Baxter

A dangerous dose. Review of The truth about drug companies by Marcia Angell. Carl Elliott

Critical psychiatry in practice. Philip Thomas & Patrick Bracken

Cultural studies of psychiatry. Special issue of The Journal of Medical Humanities

The role of premenstrual dysphoric disorder in the subjectification of women. Jane Ussher

A very childish moral panic: Ritalin. Toby Miller & Marie Claire Leger

Psychiatry and postmodern theory. Bradley Lewis

Distorted packaging: Marketing depression as illness, drugs as cure. Paula Gardner

Prozac and the post-human politics of cyborgs. Bradley E Lewis

A reply to Bradley Lewis's "Prozac and the post-human politics of cyborgs". David DeGrazia

Response to David DeGrazia. Bradley Lewis

Is it me or my brain? Depression and neuroscientific facts. Joseph Dumit

Selling sanity through gender: The psychodynamics of psychotropic advertising. Jonathan M Metzl

Being approximate: The Ganser syndrome and beyond. Mady Schutzman

'Psychopathology', 'psychosis' and the Kundalini: 'Postmodern' perspectives on unusual subjective experience. Richard House

Review article: Therapy and postmodernist thought. Richard House

Review of Law, liberty and psychiatry by Thomas Szsaz. Stephen D'Arcy

Beyond the medicalisation of "challenging behaviour"; or Protecting our children from "pervasive labelling disorder". Richard House

Commentary: Some thoughts on difference, the .profession., and transcending the ideologies of late modernity. Richard House

The statutory regulation of psychotherapy. Still time to think again. Richard House

Beyond biomedical models: A perspective from critical psychiatry. DB Double

The truth about the drug companies. Marcia Angell

Loren Mosher obituary. Leon Redler

Lone voice. An interview with Loren Mosher.

Treating oppression and depression. Sean Fleming

Biomedical bias of the American Psychiatric Association. Duncan Double

A critique of the international consensus statement on ADHD. Sami Timimi et al

Szasz, Laing and existential psychotherapy. Daniel Burston

Giving Marmor credit for the idea that homosexuality is not a disease is undeserved. Jeffery A Schaler

Postpsychiatry is not another model. Pat Bracken and Phil Thomas

Antidepressant makers withhold data on children. Shankar Vedantam Washington Post Staff Writer

What they left behind. Suitcases from an insane asylum tell us of lives long lost. Jennifer Gonnerman

Schizophrenia: The .not so nice. guidelines. Phil Barker and Poppy Buchanan-Barker

Review of The Gene Illusion by Jay Joseph. Richard Holdsworth

The limits of biological psychiatry. Douglas C Smith

The answer on the mind-body question as a crucial means for social control and oppression. Rene Talbot

The new practitioner - the emergence of the post-modern clinician. Sami Timimi

ADHD is best understood as a cultural construct. Sami Timimi

Reply by Scientific Panel for the Fast for Freedom in Mental Health to American Psychiatric Association Statement on Diagnosis and Treatment of Mental Illness

Is psychiatry for sale? Joanna Moncrieff

Poverty and discourse. David Harper

Introducing social constructionist and critical psychology into clinical psychology training. David Harper,

Storying policy: Constructions of risk in proposals to reform UK mental health legislation. David Harper

Suicidality, violence and mania caused by selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs): A review and analysis. Peter Breggin

Double blind random bluff. Joanna Moncrieff & Duncan Double

Deconstructing paranoia: An analysis of the discourses associated with the concept of paranoid delusion. Dave Harper

Lilly awards themselves a NICE recommendation for olanzapine. D B Double

Still crazy after all these years. Jeannette de Wyze

Unfree associations. Inside psychoanalytic institutes. Douglas Kirsner

Letter to the editor, Observer. D B Double re Its not only Frank. The inadequacy of mental health provision must be addressed now Mary Riddell and reply

Reply to American Psychiatric Association Statement on Diagnosis and Treatment of Mental Illness. D B Double

It would be NICE to control the marketing of risperidone. DB Double

The cure of souls in the therapeutic state. Thomas Szasz

Book review Madness Explained: Psychosis and Human Nature (2003) by Richard Bentall DB Double

Pseudoscience in psych. Alex Chernavsky

We must challenge the way we perceive mental distress. Dan Watson & John Cooper

On the legacy of Ronald Laing. FA Jenner

Challenging the precautionary principle. Helene Guldberg

How I learned my trade. David Clark

The right to be at risk. Joe Berke

On our own terms. Jan Wallcraft with Jim Read and Angela Sweeney

Still Crazy After All Those Years; Local Shrink Assails the Schizophrenia Racket. Jeannette De Wyze

Understanding psychiatry's resistance to change. Terry Lynch

Psychotherapy: How can we help? David Smail

Psychiatry and the human sciences. Mark Turner

What does it mean to say that antidepressants have helped millions of people round the world? D B Double

A shocking treatment? Lucy Johnstone

The legacy of RD Laing. Special issue of Janus Head, Spring 2001

Review of Pathological Child Psychiatry and the Medicalization of Childhood by Sami Timimi D B Double

Letter to the Psychologist re Peer commentary - To prescribe or not to prescribe - Is that the question? D B Double

The fall of the house of Kraepelin: 'The dialetics of schizophrenia'. Phil Thomas

Response to International consensus statement on ADHD. Duncan Double

Depressed patients need more than drugs and psychiatrists. Sharon Williams.

Can a biomedical approach to psychiatric practice be justified? Duncan Double

Open letter to Kamal Ahmed, Political Editor, The Observer, re his article "Britons swallow cure-all drugs" Duncan Double

Open letter to Jo Revill, Health Editor, The Observer, re her article "Doctors fail to spot manic-depression" Duncan Double

Hanky, panky in the pharmaceutical industry. Seymour Fisher

Depression, psychiatry and the use of ECT. Pat Bracken

Is psychiatry hearing voices too? Brook Durling

Mad, bad and dangerous. Tim Luckhurst

Critical thinking in psychiatry: A positive agenda for change. D B Double

Understanding 'mental illness'. David Ingleby

The virtue of caring with: Exploring the necessary conditions for healing in mental health nursing. Phil Barker.

Chapter on RD Laing from Just Listening. Steven Gans and Leon Redler

Redressing the imbalance. Duncan Double

Sins of the Fathers. Is child molestation a sickness or a crime? Thomas Szasz

A service user/survivor position on psychiatric drugs. Peter Campbell

System survivors: Is there anything we can do? Peter Campbell

Yes, there is a placebo effect, but is there a powerful antidepressant drug effect? Irving Kirsch

Democracy and mental health: The idea of post-psychiatry. Pat Bracken

Understanding the biopsychological approach: Conceptualisation. Paul Gilbert

Ethics and psychiatric knowledge. EK Ledermann

The service user/survivor movement. Peter Campbell

User-led research. Towards a radically different mental health system. Alison Faulkner & Vicky Nicholls.

Taking over the asylum. Marian Barnes.

Is the desire for safety driven by the needs of the mentally ill, by fear of litigation, or by bad press? Carsten Dernedde

Drug treatment in modern psychiatry: The history of a delusion. Joanna Moncrieff

Thinking about a drug-free culture for mental health services. Jim Read.

Unity within diversity: Mental health in the global century. Eugene Brody

Speaking out. Craig Newnes

So farewell then, CMHTs. Guy Holmes

Surviving a flawed mental health system Simon Gelsthorpe.

The biopsychological model in Anglo-American psychiatry: Past, present and future? David Pilgrim.

Options and dilemmas facing British mental health social work Shula Ramon.

Going Social: Championing a holistic model of mental distress within professional education Jerry Tew.

Madness, murder and media. A realistic critique of the psychiatric disciplines in post-liberal society. Peter Morrall

Last words of a medical historian. Andrew Scull. Review of Roy Porter's Madness: A Brief History

The limits of psychiatry. Duncan Double

A critique of psychiatry and an invitation to dialogue. Ron Leifer

It's all done with smoke and mirrors. Or, how to create the illusion of a schizophrenic brain disease. Mary Boyle

Royal College of Psychiatrists webguide to critical psychiatry. Duncan Double

The back half - Crazy for you. Roy Porter

Insane psychiatry. A profession run amok. Nicholas Regush

Trial by kangaroo court. Denise McKenna

The grapes of Roth Book review by Peter Sedgwick of David Ingleby (ed) (1981) Critical Psychiatry: the politics of mental health

Discovering hope for recovery from a British perspective. Piers Allott & Linda Loganathan

Vincent's bandage: The art of selling a drug for bipolar disorder. Phil Thomas & Pat Bracken

Stopping over-medication should be the mental health movement's first task. Nathaniel S Lehrman

Psychiatry: Still disagreeing. Lucy Johnstone

Random excerpts from Commonsense Rebellion: Debunking Psychiatry, Confronting Society
by Bruce E. Levine

Book review by Lucy Johnstone of This is Madness Too

Modernising the social model in mental health. Maria Duggan

R D Laing: Maverick of the mind

White Paper on the protection of the human rights and dignity of people suffering from mental disorder, especially those placed as involuntary patients. Peter Lehrmann

The Berlin runaway house - three years of antipsychiatric practice. Iris Hoelling

Critical psychiatry: Seeing psychiatry as it really is. D B Double

Developing a New Paradigm, DSM0? The need for a redefinition of 'Mental Illness' which recognises and is based on 'lived experience' Piers Allott

"Can I see the test results please?" Craig Newnes

Plight of India's mentally ill. Jill McGivering's BBC report on the conditions of people with mental health problems in the Indian town of Ervadi.

It's time to stop permitting abuse. Sylvia Caras

Mix 'n' match? Lucy Johnstone argues that the NSF does not do enough to challenge a biomedical view of mental health

Psychology Politics Resistance: Asylum in the 21st Century - Report on day conference. Ian Parker

Psychiatry and the dominance of the bio-medical model. John Cooper

Can psychiatry abandon the "medical model"? Duncan Double

A year of care. Diana Rose

The pursuit of happiness. Fiona Campbell. - Problems of lithium discontinuation

Letter to the editor, British Journal of Psychiatry about Editorial by Kendell RE (2001) The distinction between mental and physical illness

"Consumers" in name only Jon Ossoff

Is mental illness a valid concept? Richard Holt

'Not made of wood' - 2001: On the power of medical maya Jan Foudraine

Loren Mosher's generic letter of response to questions usually raised by his website - what to do about medication, withdrawal reactions and how best to handle a crisis

Post-psychiatry: A new direction for mental health Pat Bracken & Phil Thomas

A unitary theory of stigmatisation Rahman Haghighat

The Biopsychiatric Model of "Mental Illness": A Critical Bibliography by Loren R. Mosher M.D.

Summary of talk from Andy Bithell from ECT Anonymous

Review of Johnstone L (2000) Users and abusers of psychiatry: a critical look at psychiatric practice. (Second edition) London: Routledge. Duncan Double

Integrating critical psychiatry into psychiatric training. Duncan Double

Schizophrenia and the Emperor's (not so) new clothes. Paul Baker

Alienation: Social relations and therapeutic relations. RD Hinshelwood

The Crisis of Present-Day Psychiatry: The Loss of the Personal. Osborne P. Wiggins and Michael Alan Schwartz

The psychiatric repression of Thomas Szasz: Its social and political significance Ronald Leifer

The future of psychiatry. N McLaren

What is wrong with psychiatry?. Al Siebert

A journey through madness. Donnard White

Does Psychiatric Disorder Affect the Likelihood of Violent Offending? A Review and Critique of the Major Findings. Ed Mitchell

Critical psychiatry. Phil Thomas

Psychiatric imperialism: The medicalisation of modern living. Joanna Moncrieff

Critical psychiatry Duncan Double

Abuses of power in counselling and psychotherapy. Lynne Henry, Junior Research Associate at Newcastle University, UK.

Can psychiatry be retrieved from a biological approach? Duncan Double

Commentary on New England Journal of Medicine editorial "Understanding the Causes of Schizophrenia" by Nancy Andreasen

Response to American Journal of Psychiatry editorial "Searching for the neuropathology of schizophrenia: Neuroimaging strategies and findings" by JA Lieberman

How much is the response to psychotropic medication due to the placebo effect? Duncan Double

 




 



 Being Mentally Ill (1999) Preface and chapter one of updated third edition


The
Antipsychiatry
Coalition

a nonprofit volunteer organisation consisting mostly of people who feel they have been harmed by psychiatry, but also of their supporters, created this Web site containing several articles.


David Ingleby 'Ideology and the Human Sciences: Some Comments on the Role of Reification in Psychology and Psychiatry'

This is a classic article, which first appeared in The Human Context and was reprinted in a collection by Trevor Pateman, ed., Counter Course: An Handbook for Course Criticism, Penguin Education, 1972, pp. 51-81


Cross-Examining the Plaintiff's Psychiatric Expert (The lawyers know how to attack psychiatry)

By

Dana N. Levitt, Esq.

 

Caroline S. Lee, Esq.

 

Alschuler Grossman & Pines LLP